Europe is a continent located unconditionally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the home connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework on a spectrum rather than following a smart dividing line. The geographic attach amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are furthermore transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of more or less 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the stop of ancient records and the beginning of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. together with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, approximately all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to forward looking economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, past a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls along with most of its believer states.
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category maps showing 11th century history wikimedia commons media in category maps showing 11th century history the following 184 files are in this category out of 184 total 11th century europe maps mapmania org the medieval ani the city of 1001 churches located in western armenia it was sacked by the mongols in 1236 ad and started a period of decadence after an earthquake in 1319 ad history map archive 501 1200 emersonkent com the maps in this collection are indexed first in chronological order and then alphabetically 501 600 6th century 525 europe south west europe in the eleventh century oxford scholarship some important features of 11th century europe were an increase in the population an end of the economic depression and a commercial revolution something more was needed to direct energies into new channels and this was provided in two distinct yet closely related ways by the growth of international trade and by the crusades maps europe during the first crusades in the late 12th europe during the first crusades in the late 12th century christianity was firmly established nearly everywhere in europe by 1200 ad following the conquest of spain by the moors in the 8th century however islam had spread to north africa the middle east central asia and in the 11th century to india as well europe in the eleventh century the medieval expansion of some important features of 11th century europe were an increase in the population an end of the economic depression and a commercial revolution something more was needed to direct energies into new channels and this was provided in two distinct yet closely related ways by the growth of international trade and by the crusades 11th century wikipedia the 11th century is the period from 1001 to 1100 in accordance with the julian calendar and the 1st century of the 2nd millennium in the history of europe this period is considered the early part of the high middle ages europe in 10th 11th century ad during the high middle ages which began after 1000 ad the population of europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the medieval warm map of europe during the 14th century emersonkent com map description historical map of europe during the 14th century illustrating among others portugal castile leon granada aragon navarre aquitaine france europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area