Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than in the same way as a sharp dividing line. The geographic border in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is estranged into virtually fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the futuristic era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, roughly speaking every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to open-minded economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the associated States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, considering a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequently the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies together with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls among most of its enthusiast states.
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category maps of 16th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 16th century europe the following 22 files are in this category out of 22 total euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1600 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1600 map of europe 16th century universities emersonkent com map description historical map of the universities of europe in the 16th century illustrating those founded before 1400 underlined credits 16th century europe maps mapmania org map of iceland published in additamentum iv to ortellus map collection in antwerp 1590 it far surpassed earlier maps of iceland in accuracy a spy a map and the quest for power in 16th century europe in 1502 as europeans hungrily looked to the vast new continent across the atlantic ocean innovative maps of these unfamiliar territories became objects of power and intrigue alberto cantino an map of europe in the 16th century 1500 1599 etc usf edu map of europe in the 16th century 1500 1599 from the maps web site a map of europe in the 16th century 16th century ottoman map of europe on a modern map of medieval christian and muslim cartographers basically copied and expanded on already existing cartography of antiquity meaning that it took only one greek or roman dude to put that island on a map and viola a bunch of european and middle eastern dudes copy his work and brasil is everywhere since their works get copied in turn and then those 16th century maps mapmania for the map obsessed 16th century europe expanded 17th century ottoman world map based on one originally composed in 1525 and dedicated to sultan suleyman i the magnificent by piri reis 16th century 17th century maritime ottomans sudan turkey history map archive 1501 1600 emersonkent com 16th century historical map archive sorted chronologically history maps from the year 1501 1600 the sixteenth century early world maps wikipedia the piri reis map is a famous world map created by 16th century ottoman turkish admiral and cartographer piri reis the surviving third of the map shows part of the western coasts of europe and north africa with reasonable accuracy and the coast of brazil is also easily recognizable