Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies instinctive geography, the land be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary upon a spectrum rather than behind a bright dividing line. The geographic attach between Europe and Asia does not follow any acknowledge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is separated into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the end of ancient archives and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, vis–vis every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to protester economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw concurrence in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, when a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the same way as the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls in the midst of most of its supporter states.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1600 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1600 category 17th century maps of europe wikimedia commons media in category 17th century maps of europe the following 38 files are in this category out of 38 total historical maps of europe edmaps com historical maps of europe university of alabama historical maps of germany historische karten historische karten deutsches reich 1789 thomas hoeckmann ieg maps institut of european history mainz the historical atlas of europe gerard von hebel the map of europe by treaty edward hertslet 1875 europe category maps of 17th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 17th century europe the following 12 files are in this category out of 12 total map europe 17th century stock photos map europe 17th find the perfect map europe 17th century stock photo huge collection amazing choice 100 million high quality affordable rf and rm images no need to register buy now maps of europe 16th 17th centuries map a how europe was maps of europe 16th 17th centuries map a how europe was divided religiously in 1648 following the treaty of westphalia world map 17th century emersonkent com historical world map 17th century the spread of colonization 1600 1700 inset maps partition of guiana and the west indies 1600 1700 india the establishment of dutch power in the malay archipelago 1602 1641 guinea coast 17th century wikipedia the 17th century was the century that lasted from january 1 1601 to december 31 1700 it falls into the early modern period of europe and in that continent whose impact on the world was increasing was characterized by the baroque cultural movement the latter part of the spanish golden age the dutch golden age the french grand siecle 18th century maps of central europe university of chicago this page provides access to scans of some of the 18th century maps of central europe that are held at the university of chicago library s map collection by central europe we mean the area in the middle part of europe that in the 18th century was largely administered by members of the german history of europe the great age of monarchy 1648 1789 history of europe history of europe the great age of monarchy 1648 1789 by the 17th century there was already a tradition and awareness of europe a reality stronger than that of an area bounded by sea mountains grassy plains steppes or deserts where europe clearly ended and asia began that geographical expression which in