Europe is a continent located no question in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time since its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify on a spectrum rather than taking into account a bright dividing line. The geographic attach amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any allow in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are as a consequence transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is divided into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the end of ancient chronicles and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the open-minded era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, approaching all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the associated States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain together with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a sever embassy entity that lies surrounded by a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes border and immigration controls among most of its aficionado states.
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18th century maps of central europe university of chicago 18th century maps of central europe this page provides access to scans of some of the 18th century maps of central europe that are held at the university of chicago library s map collection category 18th century maps of europe wikimedia commons media in category 18th century maps of europe the following 26 files are in this category out of 26 total 18th century europe map stock photos and images alamy com 17th century map of europe published in 1700 this map by the dutch cartographer frederick de witt 1630 1706 shows the latest knowledge of the geography of europe category maps of 18th century europe wikimedia commons media in category maps of 18th century europe the following 163 files are in this category out of 163 total our maps of the 18th century and theirs geocurrents at a more local scale of analysis europe map the tendency is if anything more pronounced countries are what count in the public imagination to know the locations of the member states of the un is to have mastered world geography euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1700 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1700 old map of europe 18th century antique maps online antique map of europe 18th century brion carte de l europe dressee pour l etude de la geographie et assujettie aux astonominiques 18th century european map autobedrijfmaatje our maps of the 18th century and theirs geocurrents europe during the 18th century genealogy map history genealogy our maps of the 18th century and theirs geocurrents map of western europe in 1713 produced in 1905 18th century 18th century europe map stock photos 18th century europe map atlas of european history wikimedia grand tour of europe in the 17th and 18th centuries young english elites of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries often spent two to four years traveling around europe in an effort to broaden their horizons and learn about language architecture geography and culture in an experience known as the grand tour the grand tour began in the sixteenth century and gained popularity during the seventeenth century 18th century wikipedia 18th century music included the late baroque period including johan sebastian bach and george frederic handel and the classical period including joseph haydn and wolfgang amadeus mozart the 18th century also marked the end of the polish lithuanian commonwealth as an independent state