Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the estate link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change on a spectrum rather than gone a brilliant dividing line. The geographic affix together with Europe and Asia does not follow any permit boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is separated into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of just about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the enlightened era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, concerning all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, behind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a remove diplomatic entity that lies with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls accompanied by most of its believer states.
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historical atlas of europe 17 may 1912 italo turkish war historical map of europe the mediterranean 17 may 1912 italo turkish war in october 1911 italy invaded the ottoman provinces in north africa the italians quickly conquered the coastal cities but found it harder to defeat the arab and ottoman forces in the interior despite the first use of airplanes in warfare in may 1912 they map of europe 1910 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1910 credits university of texas at austin from the cambridge modern history atlas 1912 related maps first balkan war historical atlas of europe 23 april historical map of europe the mediterranean 23 april 1913 first balkan war seeing how weak the ottoman empire was in its fight against italy an alliance of balkan states launched an invasion of ottoman europe in october 1912 the ottomans immediately made peace with italy but still lost almost all of their european possessions historical map of europe 1912 world maps online this gorgeous map of europe was originally produced in 1912 by rand mcnally and company maps for mappers historical maps thefutureofeuropes wiki when adding a new map please make sure file type is png or gif or svg for vector maps please make sure you are adding the map in the appropriate category in addition please make sure you are not duplicating a map historical maps of europe edmaps com europe carolingienne vidal lablache atlas general d histoire et de geographie 1912 the empire of charlemagne benjamin smith the century atlas of the world 1900 christendom to 814 putzgers historischer weltatlas 1905 europe complete maps record 71 to 80 of 121 historic and contemporary maps of europe including physical and political maps early history and empires wwi maps climate maps relief maps vegetation maps population density and distribution maps cultural maps and economic resource maps europe 1914 map quiz game learn what the political map of europe looked like in 1914 when world war i started in this historical map quiz world war i began in 1914 and transformed the boundaries of europe category 1912 in europe wikipedia pages in category 1912 in europe the following 11 pages are in this category out of 11 total this list may not reflect recent changes europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area