Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies beast geography, the home be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify on a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a brilliant dividing line. The geographic attach amid Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of practically 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the end of ancient records and the dawn of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, approximately all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to forward looking economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain together with NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, similar to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a separate embassy entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be close to and immigration controls in the middle of most of its aficionada states.
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historical atlas of europe 23 april 1913 first balkan war historical map of europe the mediterranean 23 april 1913 first balkan war seeing how weak the ottoman empire was in its fight against italy an alliance of balkan states launched an invasion of ottoman europe in october 1912 the ottomans immediately made peace with italy but still lost almost all of their european possessions hisatlas map of map of europe 1815 1913 joaquin de salas vara de rey political and historical atlas hisatlas europe map of map of europe 1815 1913 historical atlas of europe 31 july 1913 second balkan war historical map of europe the mediterranean 31 july 1913 second balkan war bulgaria had gained much territory in the war against the ottomans but less than what it had been promised in june 1913 exactly one month after peace had been signed it attacked serbia for more land however in the war that followed the greeks montenegrins maps for mappers historical maps thefutureofeuropes wiki blank map of europe in 1500 ad by macky cabangon aka kosovo mapper map of europe 1913 by philippines1111 a map of europe 1914 with some of the middle east and with a water texture hisatlas map of europe 1815 1913 joaquin de salas vara de rey political and historical atlas hisatlas europe map of europe 1815 1913 europe atlas world atlas 1913 historical map this antique map europe and atlas world atlas 1913 are part of the historic map works residential genealogy historical map collection the largest digital collection of rare ancient old historical cadastral and antiquarian maps of its type europe 1914 map quiz game learn what the political map of europe looked like in 1914 when world war i started in this historical map quiz world war i began in 1914 and transformed the boundaries of europe european history 1914 ce timemaps this map shows what is happening in the history of europe in 1500 bce bronze age cultures over the past thousand years europe has become coverd by a network of bronze age farming cultures ruled for the most part by powerful chiefs and warrior elites european borders in 1914 vs european borders today the map above shows what europe s borders looked on the eve of world war one in 1914 overlaid on top of the borders of european countries today the first thing that jumps out at you is how many fewer countries there were the austro hungarian empire and russian empires in particular controlled map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history