Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies living thing geography, the estate be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older before its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than considering a brilliant dividing line. The geographic affix in the middle of Europe and Asia does not follow any acknowledge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is estranged into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of just about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the end of ancient chronicles and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, as regards all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the united States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the same way as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, similar to the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a sever political entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes connect and immigration controls in the middle of most of its supporter states.
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map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history iron curtain wikipedia the iron curtain was initially a non physical boundary dividing europe into two separate areas from the end of world war ii in 1945 until the end of the cold war in 1991 1946 italian general election wikipedia legislative election results map light blue denotes provinces with a christian democratic plurality red denotes those with a communist plurality salmon denotes those with a socialist plurality map of wwii major operations in europe emersonkent com map description historical map of wwii major operations 1939 1945 illustrating axis powers allies neutral countries credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history invasion of poland historical atlas of europe 16 historical map of europe the mediterranean 16 september 1939 invasion of poland the signing of the molotov ribbentrop pact in august 1939 removed the threat from the soviet union allowing hitler to invade poland on 1 september two days later britain and france declared war on germany the second world war had begun bbc history world wars the special operations recruiting and training in the dark days that followed the fall of france a new volunteer fighting force was hastily improvised to wage a secret war against hitler s armies modern era 1946 present that s one small step for man and one giant leap for mankind said neil armstrong as he walked on the moon july 20 1969 the development and growth of the united states during this era was influenced by helping europe recover from world war ii and u s involvement in other wars mainly the cold war with the soviet union and the vietnam il 2 sturmovik 1946 on steam il 2 1946 includes all of the original il 2 series content il 2 sturmovik forgotten battles ace expansion pack pacific fighters and alternate histry campaigns of year 1946 what was years ago began as a one aircraft study sim is now an astonishing anthology with a whopping 229 flyable aircraft and over 300 aircraft total melting ice uncovers 1946 wreckage of u s plane in swiss parts of the aircraft which made a crash landing more than 70 years ago recall the death defying rescue of the 12 americans onboard luxembourg map geography of luxembourg map of this beautiful slice of land at the crossroads of western europe is today a prosperous constitutional monarchy one known as an international tax haven and banking center