Europe is a continent located unconditionally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the house affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several era since its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than as soon as a smart dividing line. The geographic connect between Europe and Asia does not follow any let pass boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are with transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is at odds into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, something like all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to campaigner economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the joined States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in imitation of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, past the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a remove embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls in the middle of most of its advocate states.
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europe 1990 reunification of germany omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 3 october 1990 reunification of germany czechoslovakia romania and bulgaria threw off communist rule shortly after east germany marking the effective end of the cold war on october 3 1990 east and west germany were reunited after 45 years of division baltic independence historical atlas of europe 6 historical map of europe the mediterranean 6 september 1991 baltic independence the first soviet republics to break away were the baltic states whose 1940 annexation by the soviet union had never been recognized by the west lithuania had declared independence in 1990 with international pressure seeing off a soviet attempt at reconquest political map of europe in the year 1990 adrian chapman if you have spotted any errors on this page or have anything to contribute please post it in this forum top map of europe 1990 bestinthesw historical map of europe 1945 1990 hisatlas map of europe 1990 1998 reunification of germany historical atlas of europe 3 october political map of europe in the year 1990 hisatlas map of map of europe 1990 2014 political map of europe in the year 1990 ghdi map reunification of germany historical atlas of europe 3 october cold war europe without frontiers european union a europe without frontiers with the collapse of communism across central and eastern europe europeans become closer neighbours in 1993 the single market is completed with the four freedoms of movement of goods services people and money historical maps of europe edmaps com ethnographical map of central and south eastern europe 1916 british war office eastern europe ethnic map 1920 american geographical society library central europe 1944 allied occupation zones old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps europe wikipedia the political map of europe is substantially derived from the re organisation of europe following the napoleonic wars in 1815 the prevalent form of government in europe is parliamentary democracy in most cases in the form of republic in 1815 the prevalent form of government was still the monarchy euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1900 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1900 atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe