Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies beast geography, the house attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise on a spectrum rather than taking into consideration a sharp dividing line. The geographic border in the middle of Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are with transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers virtually 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is separated into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the end of ancient archives and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. together with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, on all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social tweak in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain together with NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, subsequent to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, considering the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a separate diplomatic entity that lies in the company of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls in the course of most of its supporter states.
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world war ii wikipedia world war ii often abbreviated to wwii or ww2 also known as the second world war was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945 the vast majority of the world s countries including all the great powers eventually formed two opposing military alliances the allies and the axis american theater world war ii wikipedia the american theater describes a series of mostly minor areas of operations during world war ii within north america and south america this was mainly due to both north and south america s geographical separation from the central theaters of conflict in europe the pacific and asia world war ii simple english wikipedia the free encyclopedia world war ii wwii or ww2 also called the second world war and in the soviet union the great patriotic war and in japan the second sino japanese war was a global war involving fighting in most of the world and most countries world war ii introduction world war ii was the mightiest struggle humankind has ever seen it killed more people cost more money damaged more property affected more people and caused more far reaching changes in nearly every country than any other war in history world war ii encyclopedia com world war ii background the widening conflict the tide turns allied victory conclusion bibliography the maintenance of peace in europe in the 1920s and 1930s was both strengthened and weakened by the memory of the costs of world war i world war ii casualties wikipedia world war ii was the deadliest military conflict in history an estimated total of 70 85 million people perished which was about 3 of the 1940 world population est 2 3 billion 42 maps that explain world war ii vox 3 after world war i the allies took territory away from germany fluteflute meeting in paris in 1919 at the end of world war i the victorious allies redrew the map of europe