France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories total French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a gather together area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequent to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. supplementary major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy middle Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ fighting (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of innovative history’s primordial republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating similar to the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World fighting I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World accomplishment II, but came below pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. taking into consideration liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining close economic and military friends taking into account France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the same way as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, being one of the five surviving members of the joined Nations Security Council taking into account the skill to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot divulge of the European union and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the society of 7, North Atlantic agreement government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), the World Trade dealing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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alencon map of alencon 61000 france the city of alencon is a french city located north west of france the city of alencon is located in the department of orne of the french region basse normandie map of alencon michelin alencon map viamichelin alencon map alencon michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 alencon basse normandie map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for alencon basse normandie check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit alencon map france latitude longitude free maps free map of alencon france from freecountrymaps com downloadable maps for use on school projects or to show your location within france the map page also includes the latitude and longitude of alencon as well as its population and location in france road map alencon maps of alencon 61000 france map here are several maps of alencon you will find the road map of alencon with a routing module this dynamic road map of france in sexagesimal coordinates wgs84 is centered on the city of alencon alencon france interactive weather radar map see the latest alencon france doppler weather radar map including areas of rain snow and ice on accuweather com alencon 2019 best of alencon france tourism tripadvisor there are no pins in your viewport try moving the map or changing your filters alencon map france google satellite maps welcome to the alencon google satellite map this place is situated in alencon orne basse normandie france its geographical coordinates are 48 26 0 north 0 50 0 east and its original name with diacritics is alencon alencon france travel and tourism attractions and of the many villages and historical monuments near alencon we particularly recommend that you visit the village at saint ceneri le gerei classified as one of the most beautiful villages in france and just 12 kilometres to the south west of here alencon wikipedia the city became the seat of a dukedom in 1415 belonging to the sons of the king of france until the french revolution and some of them played important roles in french history see duke of alencon