France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories count French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. new major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European faculty in the tardy center Ages, considering its victory in the Hundred Years’ deed (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military facility in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s primeval republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. as soon as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating like the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World prosecution II, but came below leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, behind most retaining near economic and military contacts subsequent to France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving not far off from 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country following the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, vibrancy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, innate one of the five remaining members of the joined Nations Security Council later the capacity to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate permit of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a believer of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic pact organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), the World Trade presidency (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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french alps wikipedia the french alps are the portions of the alps mountain range that stand within france located in the auvergne rhone alpes and provence alpes cote d azur regions while some of the ranges of the french alps are entirely in france others such as the mont blanc massif are shared with switzerland and italy french alps map travel map for the french alps located in the south east of france along the borders of switzerland and italy the french alps are a picturesque mountain range situated in the provence alpes cote d azur and rhone alpes regions rhone alpes map cities and data of the region rhone the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the france map the region of rhone alpes has the number 82 and is divided into 8 departments 25 districts 335 townships and 2879 municipalities alps mountains map and details world atlas the alps are a mountain system located in south central europe immediately north of the mediterranean sea they extend for almost 700 miles in a crescent shape from the coastline of southern france near monaco into switzerland then through northern italy and into austria and down through alps map europe mapcarta the alps are a range of mountains in europe caused by uplift in the european plate as it is impacted by the african plate moving north they stretch from italy through france switzerland liechtenstein germany austria and into slovenia french alps google my maps account options sign in open full screen to view more alp map alpineroads com click on the region on the map or the text links for information on each region s routes i have divided the alps so to speak into 14 regions route des grandes alpes wikipedia die route des grandes alpes ist einer der beruhmten franzosischen wege durch die alpen zum mittelmeer sie fuhrt von thonon les bains am genfersee nach menton an der cote d azur und uberquert 16 alpenpasse 6 davon uber 2000 m darunter den col de l iseran den mit 2764 m hochsten strassenpass der alpen map of france ski resorts ski independence need help deciding on a ski resort in france see our map mini guides for the french alps best ski resorts including avoriaz chamonix les arcs more alps wikipedia the alps extend in an arc from france in the south and west to slovenia in the east and from monaco in the south to germany in the north the alps are a crescent shaped geographic feature of central europe that ranges in a 800 km 500 mi arc from east to west and is 200 km 120 mi in width the mean height of the mountain peaks is 2 5 km 1 6 mi the range stretches from the mediterranean