Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the home be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify upon a spectrum rather than with a bright dividing line. The geographic attach with Europe and Asia does not follow any disclose boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is separated into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient history and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the highly developed era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, regarding all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to unprejudiced economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain surrounded by NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, past a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, as soon as the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a cut off diplomatic entity that lies surrounded by a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes link up and immigration controls accompanied by most of its believer states.
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axis allies wikipedia axis allies is a series of world war ii strategy board games originally designed by larry harris and published by nova game designs in 1981 the game was republished by the milton bradley company in 1984 as part of the gamemaster series of board games axis and allies pacific 1940 2nd edition amazon com i bought the axis and allies pacific 1940 2nd edition game in conjunction with the europe 1940 2nd edition game wizards of the coast axis and allies europe 1940 2nd edition board game for my husband and teenage son to play together announcing axis allies online axis allies org today we re pleased to announce that an official online adaptation of axis allies is finally here and it is called axis allies online axis allies online will be based on axis allies 1942 second edition with a few minor adjustments to streamline online play axis alliance in world war ii the holocaust encyclopedia major alliances during world war ii there were two major alliances during world war ii the axis and the allies the three principal partners in the axis alliance were germany italy and japan collaboration with the axis powers wikipedia within nations occupied by the axis powers in world war ii some citizens and organizations prompted by nationalism ethnic hatred anti communism antisemitism opportunism self defense or often a combination knowingly collaborated with the axis powers 1942 tide turning in world war ii in europe video khan in 1942 we see the axis get pushed back in north africa and get bogged down in the soviet union the tide of war turns in favor of the allies world war ii key dates the holocaust encyclopedia september 18 1931 japan invades manchuria october 2 1935 may 1936 fascist italy invades conquers and annexes ethiopia october 25 november 1 1936 nazi germany and fascist italy sign a treaty of cooperation on october 25 on november 1 the rome berlin axis is announced world war ii introduction world war ii was the mightiest struggle humankind has ever seen it killed more people cost more money damaged more property affected more people and caused more far reaching changes in nearly every country than any other war in history