Canada is a country in the northern portion of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by sum area. Its southern attach considering the associated States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Canada’s capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its house place creature dominated by forest and tundra. Its population is severely urbanized, when over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, and 70 percent of citizens residing within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada’s climate varies widely across its big area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, in imitation of four positive seasons.
Various native peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years since European colonization. introduction in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored and progressive established along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded approximately all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, subsequently the sticking together of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accumulation of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the associated Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the take steps of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada raid of 1982, which severed the vestiges of genuine obsession upon the British parliament.
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, bearing in mind Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government. The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a zealot of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks along with the highest in international measurements of dispensation transparency, civil liberties, air of life, economic freedom, and education. It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many supplementary countries. Canada’s long and obscure connection subsequent to the allied States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita pension globally as capably as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human press on Index. Its campaigner economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is share of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the united Nations, the North Atlantic pact Organization, the G7 (formerly G8), the help of Ten, the G20, the North American pardon Trade taking over and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
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provinces and territories of canada wikipedia the provinces and territories of canada are sub national governments within the geographical areas of canada under the authority of the canadian constitution 10 canadian provinces and 3 canadian territories map and ontario is the populous province in all of canada with approximately 40 the country s population living there it s home to about 13 5 million people and the capital is toronto ontario s economy is strong and specializes in finance manufacturing education the arts and sciences and tourism the lower half of the province is mainly continental with warm summers the northern half of the province can be rather cold with subarctic regions experiencing cold northern air canadian provinces and territories maps canada map map of canada provinces map of the provinces of canada and their capitals allows us to consider the city from the satellite selecting a province you can learn more about the cities which it owns and maps of cities and build routes between them or to find distance canada provinces and territories map list of canada list of canada provinces and territories alberta ontario british columbia quebec nova scotia new brunswick manitoba prince edward island saskatchewan canada maps and canada travel guide canadian province maps features canada maps plus a canada travel guide and tourism information find maps and photos of canadian provinces canada map detailed map of canada provinces use the map menu below to display interactive road maps satellite maps and topographical maps of canada either in a frame on this page or in full screen mode use the map search boxes to find places businesses and points of interest map of canada with provincial capitals presents a detailed map of canada and map menu see below for provinces and territories the capital cities of the provinces and territories the following are the capital cities of the 10 provinces from west to east and the 3 territories