Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies innate geography, the house be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old before its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than next a smart dividing line. The geographic border amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any give leave to enter boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are furthermore transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is separated into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of just about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient archives and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, just about all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to unbiased economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, with a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls in the course of most of its believer states.
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caucasus mountains wikipedia the caucasus mountains are a mountain system at the intersection of europe and asia stretching between the black sea and the caspian sea it surrounds the eponymous caucasus region and is home to mount elbrus the highest peak in europe north caucasus wikipedia the north caucasus russian se vernyj kavka z tr severnyj kavkaz ipa ˈsʲevʲɪrnɨj kɐfˈkas or ciscaucasia is the northern part of the caucasus region between the sea of azov and black sea on the west and the caspian sea on the east in russia 10 best caucasus tours vacation packages 2019 2020 caucasus tours trips find the right tour package for you through caucasus we ve got 267 tours going to caucasus starting from just 3 days in length and the longest tour is 26 days world atlas all the mountains of the world the major mountains of our planet click a mountain name here below and display its location its highest summit with its altitude and the length of the whole mountain range map of central asia and caucasus region nations online map of regions and countries in central asia and the caucasus region world atlas the mountains of the world himalayas himalayas euratlas online world atlas geographic or orographic maps showing the location of the major mountain ranges of the world map of himalayas or himalayas top 10 highest peaks in europe places to see in your europe is actually home to a myriad of world famous world class mountains particularly those with impressively high peaks so for the adventure travelers who isn t afraid of a little snow we ve compiled a list of the highest peaks in europe the ones that should be highest on your list