France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories put in French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. new major urban areas put in Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the late middle Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s primordial republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating like the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World clash II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. once liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, in imitation of most retaining close economic and military contacts afterward France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country following the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, computer graphics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, inborn one of the five steadfast members of the allied Nations Security Council subsequent to the capability to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter come clean of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic concurrence meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move on (OECD), the World Trade direction (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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champagne region map and guide to the best cities the champagne region of france is less than 100 miles east of paris and is made up of the aube marne haute marne and ardennes departments it is easily accessible by car or train champagne map infographic wine folly a champagne map shows how close champagne is to paris france learn about the 6 different styles of champagne and get a feel to where they re produced the definitive guide to champagne map vinepair keep scrolling beyond our champagne map grapes of champagne historically champagne has been characterized by the fact that is blended in every sense a blend of grapes a blend of vintages and champagne france map recana masana map of france and italy click for large map reproduced from www acprail map of france and italy via alpina map via alpina map of fran champagne ardenne map of france the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the france map the region of champagne ardenne has the number 21 and is divided into 4 departments 15 districts 146 townships and 1949 municipalities champagne area guide and tourist attractions about france champagne lying to the east of the paris region is one of the great historic provinces of france as far back as the times of the emperor charlemagne in the ninth century champagne was one of the great regions of europe a rich agricultural area that was famous for its fairs champagne wine trails champagne touristic routes champagne only comes from champagne france discover the region tourism champagne wine tourism calendar champagne wine trails cellar visits and tastings reims region the 13th century cathedral of reims has sanctified the coronation of most of the french kings it is renowned for its pure gothic architecture and ornate sculptures of which the most famous is undoubtedly the smiling champagne wine region wikipedia the champagne wine region archaic english champany is a wine region within the historical province of champagne in the northeast of france the area is best known for the production of the sparkling white wine that bears the region s name map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine