France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. supplementary major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy middle Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ court case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s archaic republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the same way as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous accord of governments culminating following the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World skirmish II, but came under action by the Axis powers in 1940. as soon as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining close economic and military connections past France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, inborn one of the five surviving members of the united Nations Security Council once the talent to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionado divulge of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the activity of 7, North Atlantic harmony direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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champagne region map and guide to the best cities the champagne region of france is less than 100 miles east of paris and is made up of the aube marne haute marne and ardennes departments it is easily accessible by car or train champagne map infographic wine folly a champagne map shows how close champagne is to paris france learn about the 6 different styles of champagne and get a feel to where they re produced the definitive guide to champagne map vinepair not all bubbly is created equal so while champagne is often used as a general term to describe all sparkling wine true champagne can only come from the small northern region of champagne map of france wine regions wine paths france is a country synonymous with fine wine and as any map of french wine regions will show there are vineyards scattered throughout a country that is responsible for producing between seven and eight billion bottles a year france map of vineyards wine regions the main wine producing regions are bordeaux burgundy languedoc champagne the loire valley alsace rhone provence and corsica cf our wine region maps below some history 600 bc wine growing appears in france with the creation of massilia marseille by the greeks region champagne ardenne map of france the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the france map the region of champagne ardenne has the number 21 and is divided into 4 departments 15 districts 146 townships and 1949 municipalities map of france france regions rough guides regions of france click the links below to find out about your chosen region champagne wine trails champagne touristic routes winegrowers champagne houses of reims region meet the winemakers growers champagne houses and cooperatives and learn first hand what makes champagne wines so special champagne area guide and tourist attractions about france champagne lying to the east of the paris region is one of the great historic provinces of france as far back as the times of the emperor charlemagne in the ninth century champagne was one of the great regions of europe a rich agricultural area that was famous for its fairs champagne region of france intowine champagne is a sparkling wine made in the champagne aoc region of france some of the most famous wineries in the world are located there they deserve their fame for consistently producing some of the most ethereal wines anywhere