France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tote up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. further major urban areas insert Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy center Ages, past its victory in the Hundred Years’ proceedings (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. later the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating like the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World encounter II, but came below endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. gone liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and progressive dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, once most retaining close economic and military associates next France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving approaching 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country bearing in mind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, bodily one of the five long-lasting members of the united Nations Security Council like the gift to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter let in of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the group of 7, North Atlantic pact processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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d day beaches in normandy google my maps this map shows the main highlights of the d day beaches with museums and what remains of the atlantic wall the d day landing beaches normandy tourism france the d day landing beaches the d day landings were the most vital part of the greater operation overlord to liberate europe from years of german military occupation allied planning for a massive invasion of german held france had got underway as early as 1943 d day beaches travel normandy france lonely planet the majority of the 135 000 allied troops who arrived in france that day stormed ashore along 80km of beaches north of bayeux code named from west to east utah omaha gold juno and sword normandy beaches d day landing beaches d day beaches map d day beaches main sights 75 years after d day landing normandy is attracting a growing number of visitors related to memory tourism 94 sites attract almost 5 million visitors a year normandy beaches map locate d day beaches on france map locate d day famous normandy beaches 250km from paris by a13 on normandy beaches map from west to east utah beach omaha beach gold juno sword d day normandy beaches map d day june 6 1944 operation overlord the normandy map of the seaborne invasion by american english and canadian troops utah omaha gold juno sword beaches map of the d day beaches on tripline by nightfall on d day eisenhower and general bernard montgomery commander of ground forces in operation overlord hoped to have eight infantry divisions and fourteen tank regiments on the normandy beachhead the landing zone was divided into five beaches sword juno gold omaha and utah with the americans attacking utah the westernmost and omaha the british and canadians top cities and d day beaches in normandy tripsavvy com normandy is perhaps most famous for the events that took place on five of its beaches on june 6 1944 known around the world as d day it was on this day that the allied forces carried out the largest seaborne invasion in history to seize control of france s crucial ports from the axis powers during world war ii normandy d day landing beaches and world war ii sites normandy is a pilgrimage site for travelers who want to tour the landscape of d day one of the most momentous events in modern history 2019 marks a major landmark the 75th anniversary of the invasion that led to the liberation of western europe from the clutches of the axis powers landing at normandy the 5 beaches of d day history omaha beach surrounded by steep cliffs and heavily defended omaha was the bloodiest of the d day beaches with roughly 2 400 u s troops turning up dead wounded or missing