Europe is a continent located completely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the estate be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch since its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework upon a spectrum rather than afterward a smart dividing line. The geographic link up between Europe and Asia does not follow any own up boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are after that transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of practically 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient records and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, on every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to advanced economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the allied States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in imitation of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls along with most of its enthusiast states.
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medievaleuropeonline maps maps here are downloadable pdfs of all the maps used in medieval europe a short history 11th edition 1 1 the roman empire during the pax romana atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons this page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps as used in a wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment outside of europe geography early middle ages historical period makes no sense ten beautiful medieval maps medievalists net the t o map of isidore of seville isidore of seville c 560 636 was one of the leading scholars of the early middle ages near the end of his life he wrote etymologiae a kind of encyclopedia of world knowledge that filled 20 volumes euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1300 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1300 types of medieval european maps geography realm there are a few different types of medieval european maps that have provided us with clues as to how early cartographers saw and mapped with world around them geography maps middle ages for kids medieval europe geography maps the continents of europe and asia form the eurasian landmass the continent of europe sticks out from the western end of this landmass it looks like a giant peninsula inside europe are other peninsulas like the balkan peninsula the iberian peninsula the italian peninsula and the scandinavian peninsula which all goes to explain how europe got its nickname early medieval europe wiley online library 2018 early medieval europe prize we are delighted to announce that this year s winner of the eme prize for best paper is dr james chetwood university of sheffield with his paper re evaluating english personal naming on the eve of the conquest medieval europe the age of christendom and feudalism medieval europe or christendom whose features included a powerful papacy and church with its monks nuns and monasteries feudalism with its lords and vassals barons knights castles chivalry manors and serfs and small towns with their rich merchants and powerful guilds early world maps wikipedia anaximander died c 546 bce is credited with having created one of the first maps of the world which was circular in form and showed the known lands of the world grouped around the aegean sea at the center early middle ages wikipedia historians typically regard the early middle ages or early medieval period sometimes referred to as the dark ages as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century note 1 they marked the start of the middle ages of european history