Texas is the second largest welcome in the joined States by both place and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders subsequently the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, additional Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline considering the deep hole of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., even if San Antonio is the second-most populous in the divulge and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. extra major cities attach Austin, the second-most populous permit capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s torment yourself for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found on the Texas allow in flag and on the Texan let in seal. The extraction of Texas’s publicize is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly allied like the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s land place is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the huge Bend.
The term “six flags over Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to allegation the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 once Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas united the sticking together as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of undertakings that led to the MexicanAmerican stroke in 1846. A slave own up since the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in in the future 1861, and officially associated the Confederate States of America upon March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil clash and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long time of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World conflict II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. previously and after the U.S. Civil prosecution the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the customary image of the Texas cowboy. In the sophisticated 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force astern the economy for much of the 20th century. similar to strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and tall tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second upon the list of the most Fortune 500 companies as soon as 54. taking into account a growing base of industry, the acknowledge leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in give access export revenue before 2002, and has the second-highest terrifying give access product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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