Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies instinctive geography, the house be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change upon a spectrum rather than with a smart dividing line. The geographic be next to surrounded by Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the end of ancient records and the arrival of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. along with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, nearly every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most ration in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the manner of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a separate diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls in the midst of most of its zealot states.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1900 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1900 historical maps of europe edmaps com europe 1900 christos nussli present distribution of european races cca 1900 madison grant language map of europe cca 1930 europe 1937 ieg maps europe 1941 german wwii high command 1941 atlas europe 1941 1945 joaquin de salas vara del rey cold war in europe 1950 pearson education linguistic map of europe 1958 europe 1989 map of eastern europe 1900 and travel information map of map of eastern europe 1900 and travel information euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1800 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1800 eastern europe google my maps made with google my maps eastern europe terms create new map open map shared with you help feedback report inappropriate content google drive new countries in eastern europe historical atlas of historical map of europe the mediterranean 4 december 1918 new countries in eastern europe with the end of the great war and the collapse of the austro hungarian empire the smaller nations of eastern europe seized the chance to assert themselves poland reemerged as an independent state after 123 years of foreign domination while the map of europe 1910 emersonkent com maps 1801 1815 maps 1816 1900 maps 1901 1938 maps 1939 1943 maps 1944 1945 maps 1946 1950 maps 1951 1973 maps 1974 today map description historical map of europe in 1910 credits university of texas at austin from the cambridge modern history atlas 1912 related maps map of europe 1871 1914 world map maps of eastern european countries tripsavvy com russia is a vast nation and the most eastern of the eastern european countries it spans two continents and 11 time zones large cities miles of rural landscapes forests steppe mountains and even taiga make up its area atlas of european history wikimedia commons atlas of european history from wikimedia commons the free media repository jump to navigation jump to search for other maps of europe atlas of europe wikimedia commons atlas of the world the wikimedia atlas of the world is an organized and commented collection of geographical political and historical maps available at wikimedia commons discussion update the atlas index of the galicia eastern europe wikipedia andrew ii king of hungary from 1205 to 1235 claimed the title rex galiciae et lodomeriae king of galicia and lodomeria a latinised version of the slavic names halych and volodymyr the major cities of the principality of halych volhynia which the hungarians ruled from 1214 to 1221