Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the home be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older past its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework upon a spectrum rather than afterward a bright dividing line. The geographic link up amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any disclose boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are after that transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the stop of ancient history and the start of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the protester era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, concerning every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to avant-garde economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the associated States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw concurrence in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, later a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into account the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a separate embassy entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the drop of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes link up and immigration controls in the middle of most of its aficionada states.
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map 1980 to 1989 europe eastern europe library of karta uglenosnosti sot s ialisticheskikh stran evropy nrb vnr gdr pnr srr sssr zapadnye raĭony chssr sfri u catalog record only includes notes index of coal basins and deposits 13 coal basin insets and keys to abbreviations map of europe 1980 europe map wejewel nl map of europe 1980 fall of the berlin wall historical atlas of europe 10 november historical map of europe 1945 1990 map of europe 1980 this time only after 25 years as the r flickr fall of the berlin wall historical atlas of europe 10 november map 1980 to 1989 europe library of congress europe north africa and the middle east available also through the library of congress web site as a raster image eastern europe physical map gifex eastern europe physical map map 1984 fall of the berlin wall historical atlas of europe 10 historical map of europe the mediterranean 10 november 1989 fall of the berlin wall by the 1980s the eastern bloc had begun to fall dangerously behind the west both economically and technologically to address these issues soviet leader mikhail gorbachev introduced economic reforms and opened up soviet politics he also sought better historical maps of europe edmaps com ethnographical map of central and south eastern europe 1916 british war office eastern europe ethnic map 1920 american geographical society library central europe 1944 allied occupation zones maps of eastern european countries tripsavvy com this map shows how eastern europe once looked in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart the current map of eastern europe shows how the region looks today in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart the changing face of europe european union the changing face of europe the fall of the berlin wall the polish trade union solidarnosc and its leader lech walesa become household names across europe and the world following the gdansk shipyard strikes in the summer of 1980 euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1900 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1900 eastern europe wikipedia eastern europe is the eastern part of the european continent there is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical geographical cultural and socioeconomic connotations