France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic bearing in mind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. further major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late middle Ages, once its victory in the Hundred Years’ court case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s antiquated republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. behind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating as soon as the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World court case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the manner of most retaining near economic and military contacts next France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving regarding 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the same way as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, vibrancy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, inborn one of the five surviving members of the joined Nations Security Council afterward the power to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter acknowledge of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a believer of the society of 7, North Atlantic agreement direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and onslaught (OECD), the World Trade admin (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france elevation and elevation maps of cities topographic elevation and elevation maps of cities towns villages in france below are the elevation maps of france for different zooms for elevation of places see the section following these maps detailed terrain map of france maphill read about the styles and map projection used in the above map detailed terrain map of france terrain map terrain map shows different physical features of the landscape unlike to the maphill s physical map of france topographic map uses contour lines instead of colors to show the shape of the surface contours are imaginary lines that join points of equal elevation contours lines make elevation map of france topographic map altitude map this tool allows you to look up elevation data by searching address or clicking on a live google map this page shows the elevation altitude information of france including elevation map topographic map narometric pressure longitude and latitude france madina kita mali on the elevation map topographic map of france madina kita mali elevation latitude and longitude of france madina kita mali on the world topo map maps mania the altitudes of france on google maps the altitudes of france on google maps cartes topographiques has created a heat map of france that shows altitude throughout the country la relief du france uses a choropleth image overlay to display the altitude data large elevation map of france with administrative france large elevation map with administrative divisions large elevation map of france with administrative divisions elevation map of calvados france topographic map this tool allows you to look up elevation data by searching address or clicking on a live google map this page shows the elevation altitude information of calvados france including elevation map topographic map narometric pressure longitude and latitude france elevation extremes geography indexmundi facts and statistics about the elevation extremes of france updated as of 2018 elevation map of europe european environment agency the map is made using the global digital elevation model dem derived from gtopo30 note that the values in the file are not the original elevation data elevation finder free map tools elevation finder this tool can be used to find an estimate for the elevation of a point on the earth click tap the map or type the address in the text box