Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the land affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify on a spectrum rather than once a sharp dividing line. The geographic connect surrounded by Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is estranged into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient archives and the arrival of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the ahead of its time era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, all but all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to innovative economic, cultural and social bend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the joined States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain surrounded by NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, like a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a surgically remove diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls in the midst of most of its enthusiast states.
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revolutions of 1848 wikipedia the revolutions of 1848 known in some countries as the spring of nations people s spring springtime of the peoples or the year of revolution were a series of political upheavals throughout europe in 1848 mapire the historical map portal wmts do you need the georeferenced version thanks to our wmts service you can import the georeferenced maps to your website or even your desktop application neolithic europe wikipedia neolithic europe is the period when neolithic technology was present in europe roughly between 7000 bce the approximate time of the first farming societies in greece and c 1700 bce the beginning of the bronze age in scandinavia geschichte europas wikipedia herkunft des begriffes europa name zur etymologie gibt es drei thesen von denen sich keine endgultig verifizieren lasst eine erklarung fur das wort europa bezieht sich auf das phonizische wort ereb fur dunkel abend untergehend map of sardinia european maps europe maps sardinia map an uprising in cagliari on april 28 1794 sparked a revolt all over the island wherein the sardinian people demanded separation from spain however it wasn t until 1848 that sardinia pushed forward during the unification of italy and in 1861 the island joined the newly created kingdom of italy slovakia map geography of slovakia map of slovakia in 1237 the mongols began their invasion of europe during which the mongols attacked medieval powers including east slavic principalities and the kingdom of hungary history of europe the industrial revolution britannica com the industrial revolution economic effects undergirding the development of modern europe between the 1780s and 1849 was an unprecedented economic transformation that embraced the first stages of the great industrial revolution and a still more general expansion of commercial activity