Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the home affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a sharp dividing line. The geographic be close to amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any allow in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is separated into just about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of very nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the stop of ancient records and the start of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, not far off from every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to highly developed economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking together and the allied States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the same way as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, once the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a sever embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls along with most of its believer states.
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maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent tinderbox europe from balkan troubles to world war i after multiple wars the balkan states had gained independence from the ottoman empire at the same time austria hungary increased its influence over the region physical map of europe maps of world the physical map of europe shows that most of the continent is a plain the north european plain being the dominant one the important mountain ranges are the alps the caucasus mountains and others western europe map western european countries the map of western europe shows the countries that are located in the western part of europe the western european countries include austria belgium france germany liechtenstein luxemburg monaco netherlands switzerland the outbreak of wwi how europe spiraled into the great after the assassination of franz ferdinand austria hungary is determined to put a lid on serbia once and for all germany wanted to go to war with russia so world war i wikipedia world war i often abbreviated as wwi or ww1 also known as the first world war or the great war was a global war originating in europe that lasted from 28 july 1914 to 11 november 1918 the countries involved in world war i thoughtco com the relevance of world in the term world war i is often difficult to see because books articles and documentaries generally concentrate on europe and america even the middle east and anzac forces australian and new zealand are often glossed over history of the united kingdom during the first world war on 4 august the king declared war on the advice of h h asquith of the liberal party prime minister britain s basic reasons for declaring war focused on a deep commitment to france and avoidance of splitting the liberal party world war 1 ww1 records ancestry the united states was initially determined to remain neutral as war erupted across europe however pressure mounted as german u boats attacked and sank ships carrying u s citizens and then attempted to persuade mexico to attack the united states meuse argonne american cemetery american battle within the meuse argonne american cemetery and memorial in france which covers 130 5 acres rest the largest number of our military dead in europe a total of 14 246 most of those buried here lost their lives during the meuse argonne offensive of world war i the immense array of headstones rises in long regular rows upward beyond a wide