Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the land be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time past its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change on a spectrum rather than like a bright dividing line. The geographic affix amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any disclose boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is separated into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the end of ancient archives and the coming on of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advanced era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. together with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, around every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to advanced economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most share in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, when a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, once the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a sever diplomatic entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes border and immigration controls accompanied by most of its devotee states.
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map of europe in 1919 emersonkent com map description two historical maps of wwi europe in 1919 illustrating the national boundary realignments resulting from the first world war europe 1919 treaty of versailles omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 28 june 1919 treaty of versailles while europe united to crush communism the allies imposed the treaty of versailles on germany the effects of this treaty were to restrict germany s ability to wage war force germany to pay huge reparations for the war surrender german territory to france europe 1919 spectre of communism omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 9 april 1919 spectre of communism when the great war ended the bolsheviks renounced their treaty with germany and began to reconquer the old russian empire europe was still very unstable and communist revolutionaries across the continent rallied to the bolshevik cause the most successful was karte europa 1919 my blog map of europe in 1919 zwischenkriegszeit wikipedia landkarte wiesenhaid in den jahren 1919 1939 diercke weltatlas kartenansicht europa nach dem ersten map of europe in 1919 europe map 1919 guideoftheworld net at europe map 1919 pagepage view political map of europe physical map country maps satellite images photos and where is europe location in world map europe map 1919 worldmap1 com europe map help to zoom in and zoom out map please drag map with mouse to navigate map click on left right or middle of mouse to view detailed map move small map area on bottom of map europe in 1919 map guyanese online posts about europe in 1919 map written by guyaneseonline europe 1919 map quiz purposegames play this quiz called europe 1919 map quiz and show off your skills first world war the national archives europe 1914 europe 1919 the ottoman empire 1914 the eastern front the western front turkey mesopotamia and the middle east greece and turkey showing gallipoli the gallipoli peninsula africa sea battles europe 1919 the maps in this exhibition are based on c maps in minutes map europe 1919 to 1939 europe s major borders 1919 to 1939 part of an online history of the 20th century