Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old past its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change on a spectrum rather than subsequent to a brilliant dividing line. The geographic affix in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any declare boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are along with transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient records and the arrival of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advocate era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the company of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, almost all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to highly developed economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the united States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, behind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the manner of the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes border and immigration controls in the course of most of its advocate states.
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map europe in the middle ages world history text map of cities in europe in the middle ages atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons this page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps as used in a wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment outside of europe geography early middle ages historical period makes no sense medieval europe maps and pictures student handouts note product links are paid affiliate links all links are deemed relevant and are not placed merely for profit purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free europe in the middle ages europe in the middle ages map of europe in the middle ages name date in this unit you will learn about europe in the middle ages middle ages maps by history link 101 middle ages maps welcome to history link 101 s middle ages map page here you will find excellent links maps of the middle ages historical maps from university of texas at austin map the middle ages britannica com the middle ages progress in cartography during the early middle ages was slight the medieval mapmaker seems to have been dominated by the church reflecting in his work the ecclesiastical dogmas and interpretations of scripture maps of the middle ages social studies for kids the middle ages were a turbulent time in history they were also a time when great things were done and great people lived many revolutions and wars occurred as well these maps tell part of the whole story medievaleuropeonline maps 10 1 the holy roman empire and the italian peninsula in the central middle ages 10 2 the expansion of royal power in france c 1150 1300 maps for chapter 12 famine plague and recovery c 1300 1500 europe in the middle ages technology culture and trade when we think of europe in the period that we call the high middle ages we see buoyant optimism everywhere we see this europe striking out against its neighbors in movements that we call the crusades history of europe the middle ages britannica com although once regarded as a time of uninterrupted ignorance superstition and social oppression the middle ages are now understood as a dynamic period during which the idea of europe as a distinct cultural unit emerged