Europe is a continent located agreed in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the home connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust upon a spectrum rather than in the same way as a smart dividing line. The geographic affix amid Europe and Asia does not follow any come clean boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are after that transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is at odds into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient archives and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. along with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, in this area every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social bend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the allied States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, like a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, similar to the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes border and immigration controls among most of its advocate states.
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map 1970 to 1979 europe library of congress asia and europe 2 75 scale 1 15 000 000 502411 available also through the library of congress web site as a raster image old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps europe 1870 outbreak of the franco prussian war omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 1 september 1870 outbreak of the franco prussian war in 1870 a prussian prince accepted the spanish throne outraged the french made the prince back down then tried to pressure the king of prussia to never permit a spanish candidacy bismarck immediately released this discussion to the press map of the world political physical 1970 emersonkent com map of the world political physical 1970 illustrating elevations population europe informational map google my maps this map provides web links to basic information on the countries of europe including relationship with the european union official government and tourism websites and languages offered at europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area european history at the time of the world wars and the the past decades have seen europe torn apart and its map radically redrawn by world war 1 1914 18 and the treaty of versailles the great depression the rise of nazi germany world war 2 1939 45 and now the cold war a growing community the first enlargement european union a growing community the first enlargement denmark ireland and the united kingdom join the european union on 1 january 1973 raising the number of member states to nine euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1900 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1900 google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps