Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the house attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework upon a spectrum rather than in the manner of a brilliant dividing line. The geographic affix between Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of practically 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the beginning of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the broadminded era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. surrounded by the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, roughly speaking every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to modern economic, cultural and social tweak in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most ration in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, later than a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, next the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be next to and immigration controls among most of its supporter states.
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map europe in the middle ages world history text map of cities in europe in the middle ages atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons this page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps as used in a wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment outside of europe geography early middle ages historical period makes no sense map the middle ages britannica com map map the middle ages progress in cartography during the early middle ages was slight the medieval mapmaker seems to have been dominated by the church reflecting in his work the ecclesiastical dogmas and interpretations of scripture in fact during the 6th century constantine of antioch created a christian topography depicting middle ages maps by history link 101 middle ages maps welcome to history link 101 s middle ages map page here you will find excellent links maps of the middle ages historical maps from university of texas at austin medieval europe maps and pictures student handouts note product links are paid affiliate links all links are deemed relevant and are not placed merely for profit purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free europe in the middle ages the finer times europe in the middle ages after the fall of the roman empire in 476 ce europe settled into a long period new referred to as the middle ages as it bridges the gap between two illustrious cultures and periods this gives the medieval era a negative connotation but the millennia approximately 500 1500 was the birth of new nations rulers and maps of the middle ages social studies for kids the middle ages were a turbulent time in history they were also a time when great things were done and great people lived many revolutions and wars occurred as well these maps tell part of the whole story europe in the middle ages 6th grade social studies europe in the middle ages vocabulary 1 apprentice person who learns a craft or trade from a master of that trade 2 asia minor what turkey was called in the middle ages history of europe the middle ages britannica com history of europe history of europe the middle ages the period of european history extending from about 500 to 1400 1500 ce is traditionally known as the middle ages the term was first used by 15th century scholars to designate the period between their own time and the fall of the western roman empire the period is often considered to europe in the middle ages technology culture and trade when we think of europe in the period that we call the high middle ages we see buoyant optimism everywhere we see this europe striking out against its neighbors in movements that we call the crusades