Europe is a continent located completely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the house link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify on a spectrum rather than in the manner of a brilliant dividing line. The geographic affix amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is estranged into virtually fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration become old marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the beginning of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unbiased era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, more or less every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to protester economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the allied States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into account a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet bond in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be next to and immigration controls in the course of most of its fanatic states.
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asia physical features map quiz game asia physical features map quiz game the asian landmass is the largest in the world and contains a huge variety of physical features in china and india rivers flowing along fertile agricultural plains have served thriving civilizations for thousands of years the region also has the himalayan mountain range which contains the world s north america physical features map quiz game north america physical features map quiz game even though there are only two countries on the north american continent they are two of the largest in the world by area in all that space the climates range from subtropical in florida and nearby areas to polar in alaska and much of canada that also includes the world s only temperate test your geography knowledge south america physical south america physical features geography quiz just click on the map to answer the questions about the physical features of south america europe physical map physical map of europe europe has a combination of physical features from the southern mountain ranges to the northern plains and the uplands in the northwest europe has a unique shape with many peninsulas and internal bodies of water test your geography knowledge europe countries quiz europe geography quiz geography quiz just click on the map to answer the questions about the countries in europe tips to study for a map quiz thoughtco com the map quiz is a favorite learning tool for teachers of geography social studies and history the purpose of a map quiz is to help students learn the names physical features and traits of places around the world