Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the estate attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than taking into consideration a sharp dividing line. The geographic connect along with Europe and Asia does not follow any permit boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are plus transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is estranged into virtually fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the stop of ancient records and the arrival of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the highly developed era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the company of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, on the order of all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to broadminded economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the associated States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, next a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later than the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the drop of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls along with most of its fanatic states.
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hardiness zones of europe gardenia net the below european hardiness zone map divides europe into 11 zones ranging from 45 6 c to 4 4 c if you are planning to buy a shrub perennial or tree you need to make sure that this new plant will tolerate year round conditions in your area germany interactive plant hardiness zone map based on the usda hardiness zone map this interactive version covers the country of germany which ranges from zone 5a to zone 10b europe hardiness map landscape architect s pages the plant hardiness zone map below maps zones of minimum temperatures these give an indication of whether a plant is likely to be able to survive in a certain location based on its minimum survival temperature plant hardiness zone map backyard gardener zone maps for usa europe australia china information on protecting plants planting zones for usa canada and europe there are 11 plant hardiness zones in the united states canada and europe the regions are defined by a 10 degree fahrenheit difference in the average annual minimum temperature the higher the numbers the warmer the temperatures for gardening in those zones worldwide usda hardiness zones the spruce many plant profiles and guides are written with the united states of america s hardiness zones in mind use these maps from around the world to determine what usda zone your country falls under planting zones map find your plant hardiness growing zone usda plant hardiness zone 1 is the coldest zone designation for the united states with minimum average temperatures between 60 to 50 degrees f it can be a difficult zone for gardening the majority of zone 1 is located in alaska this tundra environment is extremely harsh and plants must have extreme cold hardiness and drought tolerance usda plant hardiness zone map usda plant hardiness zone map the 2012 usda plant hardiness zone map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location the map is based on the average annual minimum winter temperature divided into 10 degree f zones hardiness zones in the united kingdom gardenia net be aware of the hardiness zone in your area before you decide to buy plants some plants might not survive over winter based on the minimum ten year average winter temperatures plant hardiness zone maps have been progressively developed first by the department of agriculture usda for the united states and then more or less applied to the