Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies mammal geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time before its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify upon a spectrum rather than later a brilliant dividing line. The geographic link up surrounded by Europe and Asia does not follow any welcome boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are plus transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is separated into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration period marked the end of ancient archives and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, with reference to all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to advocate economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, gone a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later than the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a separate political entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be next to and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionado states.
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historical atlas of europe 28 june 1914 assassination historical map of europe the mediterranean 28 june 1914 assassination of franz ferdinand serbia s sudden expansion in the balkan wars increased tensions between it and austria hungary which had a significant serb minority on june 28 1914 the austro hungarian archduke franz ferdinand was assassinated by a bosnian serb terrorist while political map of europe 1914 world maps in the political world map some of the borders are created by geological features such as mountains and rivers while others are solely politically demarcated european history 1914 ce timemaps the past decades have seen europe torn apart and its map radically redrawn by world war 1 1914 18 and the treaty of versailles the great depression the rise of nazi germany world war 2 1939 45 and now the cold war maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent european borders in 1914 vs european borders today the map above shows what europe s borders looked on the eve of world war one in 1914 overlaid on top of the borders of european countries today the first thing that jumps out at you is how many fewer countries there were the austro hungarian empire and russian empires in particular controlled europe political map political map of europe worldatlas com political map of europe this is a political map of europe which shows the countries of europe along with capital cities major cities islands oceans seas and gulfs the map is using robinson projection world history map 1914 with the british empire at its in the political sphere also europe and its offshoots in the americas have been experiencing unprecedented change in england the glorious revolution of 1688 9 led to rights of individual citizens being guaranteed by law europe 1914 map quiz game learn what the political map of europe looked like in 1914 when world war i started in this historical map quiz world war i began in 1914 and transformed the boundaries of europe map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history first world war nationalarchives gov uk europe 1914 europe 1919 the ottoman empire 1914 the eastern front the western front turkey mesopotamia and the middle east greece and turkey showing gallipoli the gallipoli peninsula africa sea battles europe 1914 the maps in this exhibition are based on c maps in minutes