France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories complement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic gone its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. extra major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the tardy middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years’ proceedings (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of highly developed history’s very old republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating in imitation of the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World feat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World exploit II, but came below goings-on by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the manner of most retaining close economic and military friends past France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving going on for 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country past the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, activity expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, physical one of the five enduring members of the allied Nations Security Council in the manner of the capacity to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter own up of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic harmony organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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french flanders wikipedia french flanders french la flandre francaise dutch frans vlaanderen is a part of the historical county of flanders in present day france where flemings were traditionally the dominant ethnic group and where a dialect of dutch was or still is traditionally spoken flanders map belgium mapcarta flanders is the dutch speaking northern part of belgium wedged between the north sea and the netherlands in the north and wallonia and france in the south flanders ypres and the salient world war one battlefields the map below shows main locations and villages in the ypres area the name flanders was also often used for the region a medieval state that covered parts of what are now belgium and northern france maps google de hier sollte eine beschreibung angezeigt werden diese seite lasst dies jedoch nicht zu visit flanders fields visitflanders from 1914 to 1918 flanders fields was a major battle theatre on the western front during the first world war a million soldiers from more than 50 different countries were wounded missing or killed in action here map showing lille europe lille flandres stations directions from lille europe station to gare de lille flandres place des buisses lille france flanders medieval principality and historical region philip s successor baldwin viii 1191 95 lost artois and other southern domains to france and flanders was fatally weakened by the departure of his successor baldwin ix to become latin emperor of constantinople as baldwin i in 1205 flanders wikipedia present day flanders dark green shown within belgium and europe brussels is considered part of the geographical region but is politically separate google street view en france google my maps account options sign in open full screen to view more google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps