France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories total French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic similar to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. other major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the late center Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ raid (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of unbiased history’s primeval republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating in the same way as the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World court case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came under doings by the Axis powers in 1940. in the same way as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into consideration most retaining near economic and military connections once France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country when the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, bodily one of the five permanent members of the allied Nations Security Council gone the capability to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee make a clean breast of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the action of 7, North Atlantic agreement running (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and further (OECD), the World Trade paperwork (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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cycling routes and bike maps in and around france ride routes in this region with the free bikemap apps get the bikemap app for your mobile to ride routes in france to track your own routes and to share them with an active online community of 1 000 000 cycling enthusiasts maps for cycling in france freewheeling france where to buy maps for cycling in france one of the most impressive ranges online is on the stanfords travel bookshop website they deliver worldwide they are an independent store and hold a good range of french mapping alongside cycling guidebooks and general tourist guidebooks france velo tourisme all cycling routes in france all cycling routes and itineraries in france prepare your bike trip with your family friends or as a couple for a weekend or during your holidays bike routes in france freewheeling france click on the map to search the regions for bike routes in france cycling holidays bike hire and lots of other inspiration for cycling in france lille to paris bike route we rode from lille eurostar to paris via the somme on this six day cycling itinerary all cycling routes in france find and calculate your route all the maps of cycling routes and routes in france loire by bike velodyssee eurovelo 6 viarhona paris mont saint michel by bike velo cycling in france cycle routes and rules the map on the left shows the six most substantially complete long distance cycle routes in france today plus a few other routes that connect with them as the map shows it is possible to travel safely by bicycle using marked and often dedicated cycle routes from the channel to the mediterranean and from the atlantic to the mediterranean or to the german border see below for essential route information france maps travel guides stanfords this is a beautiful and unique wrapping paper featuring a map of france circa 1830 from cavallini co measuring 51x71cm 20 x28 it is printed on thick acid free italian paper france cycling maps from omnimap the world s largest france bicycling maps there is finally a bicycling map series for france the new cycloguides published by the french ign there are currently 6 with many more to come