France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories intensify French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic past its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. other major urban areas attach Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the tardy center Ages, taking into consideration its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of protester history’s old-fashioned republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating taking into account the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World exploit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came below doings by the Axis powers in 1940. behind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, following most retaining near economic and military contacts when France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving as regards 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country behind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, visceral one of the five enduring members of the united Nations Security Council bearing in mind the skill to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast welcome of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the activity of 7, North Atlantic pact processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade handing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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french riviera wikipedia the french riviera known in french as the cote d azur kot daˈzyʁ occitan costa d azur ˈkɔstɔ daˈzyɾ literal translation coast of azure is the mediterranean coastline of the southeast corner of france mediterranean map list of mediterranean countries map mediterranean countries map list of mediterranean countries albania bosnia and herzegovina gibraltar algeria morocco france croatia montenegro cyprus map of the mediterranean sea and mediterranean sea map the mediterranean sea was an important route for merchants and travelers during ancient times as it allowed for trade and cultural exchange between emergent peoples of the region toutes nos destinations mediterranean coast vacances bleues mediterranean coast avec vacances bleues vous avez le choix entre 140 destinations en france et a l etranger map of french riviera viamichelin michelin route map of cote d azur detailed map of cote d azur are you looking for the map of cote d azur find any address on the map of cote d azur or calculate your itinerary to and from cote d azur find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in cote d azur c map spain mediterranean coast france mediterranean version 2018 the c map nt charts will no longer be updated the charts are delivered with the latest update from 2018 good size for navigation area c map nt em c100 spain mediterranean coasts c map nt em c101 france mediterranean coasts mediterranean coast itinerary by train or car tripsavvy com this itinerary follows the mediterranean coast through spain france and italy and can be done by train or car south of france provence languedoc and the mediterranean france s mediterranean coast and the lands to its north includes the ancient regions of provence and languedoc the vivid colours of the region inspired generations of painters who lived here including van gogh cezanne renoir matisse and picasso the french coast and the beaches of france a guide the coasts and beaches of france north sea channel atlantic and mediterranean sand and shingle best beaches beautiful coastlines secluded spots sand and shingle best beaches beautiful coastlines secluded spots where to go on italy s mediterranean coast tripsavvy the west coast of italy and the islands of sicily and sardinia are part of the mediterranean and are often visited on a mediterranean cruise but they can also be explored by train plane or car