France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amass place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic considering its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. new major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the tardy center Ages, similar to its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of avant-garde history’s primeval republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating in imitation of the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World conflict I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World combat II, but came below pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. gone liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining near economic and military associates taking into consideration France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving not far off from 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, activity expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good power in global affairs, subconscious one of the five unshakable members of the united Nations Security Council similar to the knack to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member let in of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the help of 7, North Atlantic concurrence supervision (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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a route map of france with motorways main roads about the map above shows the principal arterial routes through france red for toll motorways blue for free motorways and green for main trunk routes which are mostly dual carriageways or divided highways though this is not always the case motorway map france preparing your routes on french motorway map france preparing your routes on french motorways the french motorway companies asfa helps you to plan your motorway travel in france motorways network map traffic news route and journey webcam find all the tariffs of the french motorways and practical information tolls charge driving directions map of roads and highways of france france highways list france has now a highways network of nearly 11 100 km of which about 8 000 km toll across the country the speed limit on highways is 130 km h it is lowered to 110 km h in case of rain or other precipitation autoroutes of france wikipedia the autoroute french or highway usa motorway uk system in france consists largely of toll roads 76 of the total it is a network of 11 882 km 7 383 mi of motorways as of 2014 highway toll france tolls eu france road map passage of highway sections in france is charged with toll gates drivers traveling through the territory of france does not have to buy a vignette a fee for the use of motorways is collected according to section off about a category of vehicle or trailer at the toll gates the autoroutes and motorways in france toll gate in summer remember in july and august traffic can be very dense autoroute are the same as a freeway or motorway in france many of the main autoroute have toll fees to pay peage detailed road map of france about france com explore france and check out national and local routes in detail with this zoomable map to save and print any detailed map take a screenshot of the selected area and save it as an image asfa french motorway companies association asfa the association of french motorway companies asfa helps you to plan your motorway travel in france motorways network map traffic news route and journey webcam find all the tariffs of the french motorways and practical information tolls charge tolls in france avoid toll roads autoroutes tolls in france when travelling on the autoroutes motorways toll charges are often a necessary evil as the country is so huge in comparison to england ireland scotland or wales if you are planning to drive 400 500 km then avoiding the autoroutes would just take forever motorway services in france about france map of main motorway routes through france click map for further details click for this page for mobile devices