France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collection area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic similar to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. new major urban areas attach Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European faculty in the tardy center Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of liberal history’s antique republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. next the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating following the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World feat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World accomplishment II, but came below goings-on by the Axis powers in 1940. in the same way as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, behind most retaining near economic and military contacts gone France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later than the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, activity expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, swine one of the five permanent members of the associated Nations Security Council taking into account the capacity to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee permit of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the organization of 7, North Atlantic settlement supervision (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade dealing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland france tgv map paris by train this tgv map shows high speed train lines in france and across europe this includes the main tgv lines eurostar thalys tgv east networks in france plus train lines in other countries within europe click map to see full version interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media tgv map france tgv france network map western europe tgv map france tgv france network map tgv map france western europe europe to print tgv map france western europe europe to download railroads tgv the french high speed train travel 2018 map of the tgv network in france and neighbouring countries as stated in the beginning of the article travelling between most french cities usually implies taking the tgv there are several tgv lines nowadays you can see the 2018 network in the map above all yellow red circles and squares are current destinations for the tgv tgvweb tgv system maps 1 1 high speed lines this is a geographic map of france showing all the lines used by tgv trains the solid colored segments are dedicated lgv ligne a grande vitesse or high speed lines in service today high resolution french rail network map about france com a high resolution map of the french railway network this map is copyright reseau ferre de france reproduced with permission updated and enhanced by about france com 2018 return to this map is copyright reseau ferre de france tgv high speed train fast speed trains france eurail com the tgv is a high speed train that operates all over france and beyond travel from romantic paris to the shores of the mediterranean or the vineyards of the loire valley