Europe is a continent located utterly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the home be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary upon a spectrum rather than afterward a smart dividing line. The geographic attach amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers virtually 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is at odds into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient chronicles and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the futuristic era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the midst of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, regarding all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to militant economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the allied States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, once a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, considering the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a surgically remove embassy entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls along with most of its fanatic states.
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german occupied europe wikipedia german occupied europe refers to the sovereign countries of europe which were occupied and civil occupied including puppet government by the military forces and the government of nazi germany at various times between 1938 and 1945 during and shortly before world war ii generally administered by the nazi regime germany the nazis maps german occupied europe german military forces occupied norway denmark belgium northern france serbia parts of northern greece and vast tracts of territory in eastern europe italy hungary romania bulgaria slovakia finland croatia and vichy france were all either allied to germany or subject to heavy german influence between 1942 and 1944 german military forces extended the area under their occupation world war ii german occupied europe britannica com it should be noted however that the german occupation was in general far harsher in eastern europe and the balkans than in western europe in the soviet union poland yugoslavia and greece a process of resistance guerrilla warfare and nazi reprisals began in 1941 and rose to a crescendo in 1943 44 as the fury of nazi racism resulted in a war of annihilation upon the slavic peoples division of germany historical atlas of europe 13 july historical map of europe the mediterranean 13 july 1945 division of germany with the nazis defeated the four allied powers britain france the us and the soviet union divided germany into four occupation zones marking additional german territory in the east for later polish and soviet annexation the german capital of berlin was german conquests in europe 1939 1942 the holocaust german conquests in europe 1939 1942 in world war ii germany sought to defeat its opponents in a series of short campaigns in europe germany quickly overran much of europe and was victorious for more than two years world war ii maps europe wikimedia commons dispositions an opposing forces and german and allied plans for the battle of flanders german invasion of western europe and the fall of france 1940 german invasion of western europe and the fall of france 1940 a german armored tank crosses the aisne river in france on june 21 1940 one day before the surrender of france in the spring of 1940 an emboldened germany asserted itself as a modern conqueror of nations successfully invading and occupying six countries in fewer than 100 days the german occupationo of europe http www the german occupation of europe 1938 1942 german troops annex austria on the eve of world war ii the fuhrer adolf hitler publicly threatened the jews of europe during a speech in berlin in the course of my life i have very often been a prophet and have usually been ridiculed for it during the time of my struggle for power it was in the first instance only the jewish race that allied occupied germany wikipedia the four powers divided germany as a whole into four occupation zones for administrative purposes under the united states united kingdom france and the soviet union respectively creating what became collectively known as allied occupied germany german alliierten besetztes deutschland allied occupation of germany 1945 52 state allied occupation of germany 1945 52 after germany s defeat in the second world war the four main allies in europe the united states great britain the soviet union and france took part in a joint occupation of the german state