Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is separated surrounded by the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is portion of the joined Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was not quite 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million flesh and blood in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million living in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, taking into account several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but moody climate which is release of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes happening just about 10% of the island, compared subsequently a European average of on top of 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate being species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and hence extremely moderate, and winters are milder than conventional for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is antiquated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. behind the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English declare did not extend higher than the combine island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. afterward the Acts of devotion in 1801, Ireland became a ration of the united Kingdom. A prosecution of independence in the at the forefront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish pardon State, which became increasingly sovereign greater than the following decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allowance of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided when a embassy taking over in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community though the allied Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as ration of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant upset upon extra cultures, especially in the arena of literature. next door to mainstream Western culture, a mighty original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features bearing in mind that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as link football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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maps of ireland uni due de full size map of ireland showing counties and main towns and cities map of ireland with abbreviations for counties map of ireland with arms of four provinces map of ireland with counties and cities and travel map of map of ireland with counties and cities and travel information large detailed map of ireland with cities and towns description this map shows cities towns highways main roads secondary roads tracks railroads and airports in ireland joyce s ireland irish county map joyce s ireland county map of ireland showing main cities map of eire counties towns in southern ireland cities in eire irish map maps of ireland irishtourist com maps of ireland maps of ireland physical map of ireland this is a detailed map of the island of ireland including airports seaports roads and major cities and towns read more road map of ireland this map shows motorways and major roads throughout the island of ireland read more dublin city centre street map these maps show the principal streets in dublin s city centre counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston the map below shows the 32 counties in the island of ireland 26 in the republic of ireland and 6 in northern ireland as well as some of the major towns in italics the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king map of ireland ireland map google maps ireland map ireland has a land mass of 84 420 km 32 595 mi and is dish shaped with the coastal areas being mountainous and the midlands low and flat historically divided into four provinces ireland is further subdivided into 32 counties list of cities boroughs and towns in the republic of ireland the following table and map show the areas in ireland previously designated as cities boroughs or towns in the local government act 2001 under the local government reform act 2014 only dublin cork and galway retain separate city councils