Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is divided from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is not speaking amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was approximately 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million stir in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million alive in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, when several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but short-tempered climate which is pardon of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes up very nearly 10% of the island, compared with a European average of greater than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land beast species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus unconditionally moderate, and winters are milder than standard for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The early evidence of human presence in Ireland is obsolete at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. subsequent to the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English declare did not extend beyond the comprehensive island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English announce was intended to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. similar to the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a share of the joined Kingdom. A deed of independence in the to the front 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish release State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the considering decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a share of the allied Kingdom. Northern Ireland proverb much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided with a embassy appointment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland associated the European Economic Community while the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant shape upon extra cultures, especially in the field of literature. next door to mainstream Western culture, a strong original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features later that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as link football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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maps of ireland uni due de full size map of ireland showing counties and main towns and cities map of ireland with abbreviations for counties map of ireland with arms of four provinces large detailed map of ireland with cities and towns description this map shows cities towns highways main roads secondary roads tracks railroads and airports in ireland all towns ireland counties towns population all towns ireland counties towns with population statistics charts and maps map of ireland with counties and cities and travel map of map of ireland with counties and cities and travel information counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston the map below shows the 32 counties in the island of ireland 26 in the republic of ireland and 6 in northern ireland as well as some of the major towns in italics the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king joyce s ireland irish county map joyce s ireland county map of ireland showing main cities map of eire counties towns in southern ireland cities in eire irish map maps of ireland irishtourist com maps of ireland maps of ireland physical map of ireland this is a detailed map of the island of ireland including airports seaports roads and major cities and towns read more road map of ireland this map shows motorways and major roads throughout the island of ireland read more dublin city centre street map these maps show the principal streets in dublin s city centre map of ireland ireland map google maps ireland map ireland has a land mass of 84 420 km 32 595 mi and is dish shaped with the coastal areas being mountainous and the midlands low and flat historically divided into four provinces ireland is further subdivided into 32 counties ireland provinces major legal towns population ireland provinces major legal towns with population statistics maps charts weather and web information counties of ireland wikipedia the irish language names of counties in the republic of ireland are prescribed by ministerial order which in the case of three newer counties omits the word contae county irish names form the basis for all english language county names except waterford wexford and wicklow which are of norse origin