France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories put in French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. further major urban areas put in Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the late center Ages, subsequent to its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the manner of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating past the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World battle I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World encounter II, but came under pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. as soon as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and far along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequently most retaining near economic and military associates subsequently France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in relation to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country behind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, activity expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, mammal one of the five unshakable members of the associated Nations Security Council later than the power to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot permit of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the society of 7, North Atlantic unity management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the luberon in provence a complete guide www the markets in the luberon there is a market in a different village or town every day of the week where the local produce tastes like food used to luberon france google my maps open full screen to view more luberon france collapse map legend map of luberon hotels and attractions on a luberon map map of luberon area hotels locate luberon hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals villages in the luberon list and map provence luberon villages of luberon if you are fond of rural architecture you will be spoilt for choice in the luberon where almost countless villages and hamlets have been built centuries ago on the numerous hills which characterise the region luberon area map by provence beyond luberon area map travel maps for exploring provence south of france and paris by provence beyond luberon 2019 best of luberon france tourism tripadvisor there are no pins in your viewport try moving the map or changing your filters luberon france travel guide places to visit and luberon in vaucluse the petit luberon region a sub region that includes several of the main highlights contains many of the most visited perched villages within about 30 kilometres of each other and is situated here in the vaucluse a guide to the villages of the luberon provence france when we think of provence chances are we re thinking of the luberon this historic region between aix en provence and avignon is perhaps the most beautiful in france with rolling hills streaked with lavender and medieval villages perched atop ancient rock formations luberon wikipedia der luberon lyˈbroː auch luberon lybeˈroː okzitanisch leberon ist eine gebirgskette von kalksteinfelsen unter 1200 meter die sich rund 50 km sudostlich von avignon in sudfrankreich departement vaucluse region provence alpes cote d azur befindet luberon wikipedia luberon is particularly rich in biological diversity there are known to be around 1 500 species of plants accounting for 30 of the flora and fauna in france 17 000 species and sub species of insects with almost 2 300 species of lepidoptera or nearly 40 of species living in france 341 species and subspecies of vertebrate wildlife 135