Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory then includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the and no-one else European country to have a inborn be close to when an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are furthermore allowance of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small home boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas count up Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula a propos 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along similar to ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman deem on the order of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician herald Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and conventional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together every surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the prematurely eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to announce most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection only a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting happening to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering era across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the commencement of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to slope the invasion. in imitation of the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to come ahead of its time period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were with many advancements in the arts, gone world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish school work, Don Quixote, was then published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, considering King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, gone the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a enthusiast of the joined Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the management of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact executive (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), government for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade doling out (WTO) and many other international organisations. even though not an ascribed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto supporter of the group.
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metro de madrid maps metro de madrid metro de madrid maps skip to main content main navigation who we are we are centenary madrid metro map madrid tourist guide madrid metro map online map showing the lines and metro stops for the madrid metro subway underground tube system in spain includes link to free printer friendly version of the map for your trip madrid metro map updated 2019 here s the madrid metro map and other information that may be useful for travelling through the underground tube network of madrid there are four versions of the map geographic schematic as well as versions indicating stations adapted for the disabled or for people with prams or luggage madrid metro map drupal download the madrid metro map and hop onto one of the most modern underground transport networks in the world pdf 0 9mb download the tourist metro map to find out where the city s top sights and attractions are pdf 1 8mb madrid metro tourist map pdf esmadrid com madrid metro has prepared a map featuring the stations you need for the city s top sites pdf 1 8mb detailed madrid metro map madrid tourist guide magnified view of the madrid metro map system view all 12 lines and all stations along those lines madrid maps interactive tourist map metro map trains maps of madrid spain including interactive city map metro map local trains autonomous community and country maps transportation map tourist map of madrid spain on madrid map 360 you can download in pdf or print useful and practical maps of madrid in spain to help you move into the city you may use the transport maps of vienna operated by metro de madrid renfe metros ligeros de madrid and emt