Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is at odds from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is separated amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the joined Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was approximately 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million stimulate in the Republic of Ireland and just higher than 1.8 million conscious in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, considering several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but temperamental climate which is release of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes in the works practically 10% of the island, compared bearing in mind a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate swine species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and consequently very moderate, and winters are milder than acknowledged for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The obsolete evidence of human presence in Ireland is pass at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. like the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English consider did not extend higher than the sum up island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English judge was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was outstretched during the 18th century. following the Acts of hold in 1801, Ireland became a allocation of the allied Kingdom. A fighting of independence in the beforehand 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish free State, which became increasingly sovereign greater than the like decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allowance of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland axiom much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided as soon as a political accord in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community while the allied Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant move upon new cultures, especially in the showground of literature. closely mainstream Western culture, a mighty indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features in imitation of that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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counties of northern ireland wikipedia northern ireland is divided into six former local government divisions called counties namely antrim armagh down fermanagh londonderry and tyrone map of counties uniquely northern ireland com map of counties of ireland the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king these provinces were dynamic and their borders changed all the time maps of ireland uni due de full size map of ireland showing counties and main towns and cities map of ireland with abbreviations for counties map of ireland with arms of four provinces detailed map of northern ireland world maps description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston the map below shows the 32 counties in the island of ireland 26 in the republic of ireland and 6 in northern ireland as well as some of the major towns in italics the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king what are the six counties of northern ireland the six counties of northern ireland are the counties of antrim fermanagh tyrone down armagh and londonderry these six counties are those that chose to become separate independent entities after opting out of the irish free state in 1922 northern ireland map geography of northern ireland map northern ireland description northern ireland is today a constitutionally distinct region of the united kingdom its story is sad yet promising confusing and understandable ireland counties map quiz game ireland counties map quiz game there are 32 counties on the island the republic of ireland comprises 26 counties while northern ireland accounts for the remaining 6 counties in northern ireland counties are no longer used for local government districts are instead used counties of ireland wikipedia in northern ireland a major reorganisation of local government in 1973 replaced the six traditional counties and two county boroughs belfast and derry with 26 single tier districts for local government purposes