France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories adjoin French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a comprehensive place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic similar to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. new major urban areas put in Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the late center Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ stroke (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s antiquated republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating in the manner of the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World raid I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was customary and higher dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the same way as most retaining close economic and military connections afterward France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in the region of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country taking into account the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good aptitude in global affairs, swine one of the five remaining members of the joined Nations Security Council subsequently the facility to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast come clean of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the group of 7, North Atlantic concurrence management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of algeria and france and travel information map of map of algeria and france and travel information french invasion of algeria historical atlas of europe historical map of europe the mediterranean 14 june 1830 french invasion of algeria following three years of deteriorating relations france invaded algiers in mid 1830 although their swift victory would initiate over a century of french rule in the region it would be many more decades before the country was fully pacified the success algeria france locator mapsof net click on the algeria france locator to view it full screen file type png file size 13987 bytes 13 66 kb map dimensions 355px x 297px 256 colors algeria map geography of algeria map of algeria algeria s modern borders were created by the french and during their domination a large part of the algerian national identity was formed through the struggle to survive co exist gain equality and achieve independence map of algeria lonelyplanet com map of algeria and travel information about algeria brought to you by lonely planet algeria area code and algeria country code map of algeria the algerian country code and algeria area code chart below gives you the necessary information for calling algerian cities for international dialing instructions to algeria use our drop down boxes at the top of this page or check out our easy to use country code search tool french algeria wikipedia literally french algeria it means that the three departements of algeria were to be considered integral parts of france by integral parts it is meant that they have their deputies representatives in the french national assembly and so on algeria facts history geography britannica com by 1847 the french had largely suppressed algerian resistance to the invasion and the following year made algeria a departement of france french colonists modernized algeria s agricultural and commercial economy but lived apart from the algerian majority enjoying social and economic privileges extended to few non europeans algeria wikipedia the largest concentration of algerian migrants outside algeria is in france which has reportedly over 1 7 million algerians of up to the second generation 130 ethnic groups edit french algeria 1830 1962 the algerian story google sites in 1827 france issued a 3 year blockade of algiers as a result of the fly whisk incident dey hussein was said to have hit the french consul with a fly whisk three times in the face after the french consul failed to answer the dey s questions regarding france s outstanding debt to algeria