Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the and no-one else European country to have a creature be next to following an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as well as share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little estate boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas augment Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula in this area 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along when ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman regard as being approximately 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician state Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and normal relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate all unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the in advance eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind only a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering era across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the opening of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to direction the invasion. later than the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the beforehand objector period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were moreover many advancements in the arts, in imitation of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish learned work, Don Quixote, was along with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, later King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, subsequent to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing talent parity. It is a supporter of the united Nations (UN), the European linkage (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the executive of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic treaty giving out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go forward (OECD), management for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade supervision (WTO) and many extra international organisations. while not an attributed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto devotee of the group.
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autonomous communities of spain regions of spain map autonomous communities are the upper level political division of the kingdom of spain established in accordance with the constitution of spain the second article of the constitution recognizes the right to the autonomy of regions and nations and proclaims the inseparable unity of the spanish nation regions of spain map and guide tripsavvy com spain is made up of 17 autonomous regions as shown in the map above they are further divided into 50 provinces autonomous communities of spain wikipedia in spain an autonomous community spanish comunidad autonoma is a first level political and administrative division created in accordance with the spanish constitution of 1978 with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up spain regions of spain map description worldatlas com print this map note spain is divided into 17 autonomous regions or communities and the two autonomous cities of ceuta and melilla spanish enclaves in north africa regions or autonomous communities of spain map of the main administrative regions of spain a simple map showing the autonomous communities or regions of spain and their capitals spanish regions are decentralized administrative areas the extent of the decentralized powers varies from region to region the autonomous communities of spain worldatlas com spain is made up of 17 autonomous communities which were established as a provision of the constitution of spain adopted in 1978 these autonomous communities are individually governed by their respective laws which are known as statutes of autonomy administrative map of spain nations online project administrative map of spain without the canary islands autonomous communities of spain more about the 17 autonomous regions of spain located in the north western corner of spain is the autonomous community of galicia with the provinces of a coruna lugo ourense and pontevedra which constitute galicia the autonomous regions of spain abaco advisers to begin with there are 17 autonomous communities in spain and 2 autonomous cities the autonomous communities are led by regional governments who are responsible for education health social services culture urban and rural development and in some cases policing regions of spain learn about spain s 17 autonomous spain is made up of 17 autonomous regions known in spain as comunidades autonomas besides these communities the country is further divided into 50 provinces provincias