France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories append French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. supplementary major urban areas enlarge Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the late center Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ charge (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. behind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating in imitation of the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World lawsuit II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and far along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, as soon as most retaining near economic and military associates later than France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving all but 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good skill in global affairs, inborn one of the five surviving members of the allied Nations Security Council once the knack to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer permit of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the charity of 7, North Atlantic harmony government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), the World Trade executive (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of caen michelin caen map viamichelin caen map caen michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 caen map of caen 14000 france the city of caen is a big french city located north west of france the city of caen is located in the department of calvados of the french region basse normandie caen maps france maps of caen about caen the facts region normandy department calvados population 110 000 caen satellite map online map of caen france online map of caen street map and satellite map caen france on googlemap travelling to caen france its geographical coordinates are 49 11 09 n 000 21 33 w find out more with this detailed interactive online map of caen provided by google maps caen map worldmap1 com navigate caen map caen city map satellite images of caen caen towns map political map of caen driving directions and traffic maps for more france maps caen map france google satellite maps maplandia com welcome to the caen google satellite map this place is situated in caen calvados basse normandie france its geographical coordinates are 49 11 0 north 0 21 0 west and its original name with diacritics is caen caen lower normandy map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for caen lower normandy check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit caen map detailed maps for the city of caen viamichelin caen map caen michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 map of caen hotels and attractions on a caen map map of caen area hotels locate caen hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals caen wikipedia caen k ɒ k ɑː n french norman kaem is a commune in northwestern france it is the prefecture of the department of calvados the city proper has 108 365 inhabitants as of 2012 while its urban area has 420 000 making caen the largest city in former lower normandy