Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies creature geography, the estate connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older past its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than behind a sharp dividing line. The geographic be next to along with Europe and Asia does not follow any declare boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of very nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the stop of ancient history and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the forward looking era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the company of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, a propos every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to ahead of its time economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a fade away in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the united States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, once a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a remove embassy entity that lies in the company of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls in the course of most of its believer states.
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holocaust map of concentration and death camps during the holocaust the nazis established concentration camps across europe in this map of concentration and death camps you can see how far the nazi reich expanded over eastern europe and get an idea of how many lives were affected by their presence holocaust concentration camps google my maps the locations of the various concentration camps from the holocaust during world war 2 concentration camps maps nazi camps in occupied europe throughout german occupied europe millions of jews were deported to death camps in poland where they were systematically killed and to concentration camps for forced labor major nazi camps in europe january 1944 the holocaust transit camps such as westerbork gurs mechelen and drancy in western europe and concentration camps like bolzano and fossoli di carpi in italy were used as collection centers for jews who were then deported by rail to the extermination camps according to ss reports there were more than 700 000 prisoners registered in the concentration camps in january 1945 file ww2 holocaust europe map fr svg wikimedia commons english map of the holocaust in europe during world war ii 1939 1945 this map shows all extermination camps or death camps most major concentration camps labor camps prison camps ghettos major deportation routes and major massacre sites holocaust memorials in germany tripsavvy germany has dedicated itself to never forgetting the holocaust there are holocaust monuments museums and concentration camp memorials that educate the public and honor the millions of victims interactive map nazi death camps cnn cnn the names of some nazi concentration camps live in infamy bergen belsen where anne frank died dachau the first camp auschwitz where more than 1 million jews roma gypsies poles concentration camps in the holocaust fold3 the concentration camps of the holocaust are where some of the most horrific events occurred fold3 has created a page for every major camp each page includes a background of the camp a map timeline of events and an account of some of the events concentration camps in germany dachau oranienburg one of the largest concentration camps in germany was buchenwald established in 1937 near the city of weimar prisoners from across europe and russia were forced to work in local arms factories at buchenwald list of nazi concentration camps wikipedia this article presents a partial list of the most prominent nazi concentration camps and extermination camps set up across europe before and during the course of world war ii and the holocaust