Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies swine geography, the estate be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several era in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework on a spectrum rather than taking into consideration a bright dividing line. The geographic affix amid Europe and Asia does not follow any come clean boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are as a consequence transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is separated into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of very nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the stop of ancient archives and the arrival of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, on the subject of every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a fall in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the joined States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain in the midst of NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, considering the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a cut off embassy entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes connect and immigration controls in the course of most of its enthusiast states.
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maps of eastern european countries tripsavvy com the countries of eastern europe cover a large geographic area this map shows eastern europe below the map you will find labels for specific regions map of western europe map of europe europe map the two sides where named the east and the west the west was made up of the western alliance countries of europe including countries such as spain england and france however in this stand off even countries not in europe like the united states of america were considered part of the the west map west europe travel guide and maps geographicguide political map of western europe copyright c geographic guide travel rijksmuseum museum in amsterdam map where the east and the west meet washington post but over the centuries east and west particularly the east in the minds of people in the west have become terms loaded with cultural freight for a long time in the european imagination map of eastern europe map of europe europe map so as you can see even though we still use the terms western and eastern europe they are quickly becoming an outdated concept and the boundary that separates east and west is blurrier than ever here we have a list of the countries that make up eastern europe europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps western europe wikipedia during the four decades of the cold war the definition of east and west was rather simplified by the existence of the eastern bloc historians and social scientists generally view the cold war definition of western and eastern europe as outdated or relegating political map of central and eastern europe nations english french german greek italian spanish portuguese nordic languages east european languages map of europe political map of europe showing member states of the european union eu and efta with major cities and capitals