Europe is a continent located no question in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies living thing geography, the estate affix is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than as soon as a sharp dividing line. The geographic be next to amid Europe and Asia does not follow any own up boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are as a consequence transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the end of ancient records and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unbiased era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. together with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, in relation to all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to ahead of its time economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most ration in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw unity in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into consideration a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, when the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. other European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a sever diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the drop of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be next to and immigration controls among most of its zealot states.
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maps of eastern european countries tripsavvy com this map shows how eastern europe once looked in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart the current map of eastern europe shows how the region looks today in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart political map of central and eastern europe nations central europe sometimes referred to as middle europe or median europe is a region of europe lying between the variously defined areas of eastern and western europe and south of northern european countries map of eastern europe map of europe europe map look at this map for a more complete idea of the countries that make up western europe and a list of the countries trying to enter the european union the end of the cold war saw the end of the many large conglomerations of communist nations political map of eastern europe travel guide and maps northwestern turkey including its european part in the region of thrace troy now in ruins stood at the entrance to the strait of dardanelles called hellespont by the ancient greeks map west europe travel guide and maps geographicguide political map of western europe copyright c geographic guide travel rijksmuseum museum in amsterdam map of eastern europe eastern europe political map map of eastern europe eastern europe is the eastern part of europe extending from germany to asia the term is highly context dependent and even volatile as there are almost as many definitions of eastern europe as there are scholars of the region a related un paper adds that every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct map of europe member states of the eu nations online europe is roughly divided into the geographic subregions of central europe eastern europe northern europe southern europe and western europe as it is used by the united nations region classification europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area western europe wikipedia western europe is the region comprising the western part of europe though the term western europe is commonly used there is no commonly agreed upon definition of the countries that it encompasses what countries are considered to be western europe quora with a special subdivision of western europe called southwestern europe often spain portugal italy vatican city monaco and switzerland are also considered western europe