Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies physical geography, the land connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old back its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which modify on a spectrum rather than gone a sharp dividing line. The geographic border along with Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into just about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the stop of ancient archives and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the middle of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, re all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to broadminded economic, cultural and social bend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most ration in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the associated States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, behind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, like the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes link up and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionada states.
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euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1900 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1900 historical maps of europe edmaps com ethnographical map of central and south eastern europe 1916 british war office eastern europe ethnic map 1920 american geographical society library central europe 1944 allied occupation zones maps of eastern european countries tripsavvy com this map shows how eastern europe once looked in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart the current map of eastern europe shows how the region looks today in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart old maps of europe old maps of europe on old maps online discover the past of europe on historical maps map of eastern europe 1900 and travel information map of map of eastern europe 1900 and travel information map of eastern europe map of europe europe map map of eastern europe the countries in red above make up what is known as eastern europe east europe as a concept has been in decline since the end of the cold war galicia eastern europe wikipedia in roman times the region was populated by various tribes of celto germanic admixture including celtic based tribes like the galice or gaulics and bolihinii or volhynians the lugians and cotini of celtic vandals and goths of germanic origins the przeworsk and puchov cultures atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe european borders in 1914 vs european borders today world war one world war two and the collapse of communism in eastern europe repeatedly redrew the map of europe to create today s modern states but at an extremely high human cost thankfully europe today is far more peaceful than it was in the 20th century european time lapse map w years events sample from the centennia historical atlas uploaded by the creator and copyright holder