Europe is a continent located completely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the land connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch past its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than later a smart dividing line. The geographic affix amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any own up boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is separated into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of more or less 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the start of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the modern era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, not far off from all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the united States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, behind the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet bond in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be next to and immigration controls in the middle of most of its enthusiast states.
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making the map of eastern europe in 1939 1940 i made this map because i needed a map of eastern europe in 1939 1940 with the soviet and german occupation but i couldn t find a good looking map xd europe 1940 blitzkrieg in the west omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 25 may 1940 blitzkrieg in the west while the allies were still dealing with the fall of denmark and norway germany struck west the attack began with a german invasion of the netherlands and northern belgium then as the allied armies raced north to deal with this threat the main german map of europe 1940 eastern 4 estarte me map of europe 1940 october second version by stratomunchkin on deviantart 7 map of europe 1940 diagram collection world new with utlr me 6 map of europe 1940 timeline 1920 alternative great war history 5 map of europe 1940 eastern 4 map of europe 1940 davidterrenoire 3 map of europe 1940 german progress in youtube 2 map of europe 1940 europe and the near east map 1940 maps com published in may 1940 this map of europe and the near east shows international boundaries as of april 1 1940 an inset of the middle east provides detail of the asian countries adjacent to europe historical maps of europe edmaps com ethnographical map of central and south eastern europe 1916 british war office eastern europe ethnic map 1920 american geographical society library central europe 1944 allied occupation zones world war ii maps europe wikimedia commons planned and actual territorial changes in central europe 1939 1940 polish campaign operations september 1 14 1939 polish campaign operations after september 14 1939 eve of barbarossa historical atlas of europe 21 june historical map of europe the mediterranean 21 june 1941 eve of barbarossa british forces successfully ended german influence in iraq and syria but narrowly failed to defeat a german airborne invasion of crete for hitler though this was all a sideshow his focus was now on his 3 million man military build up for the invasion of the map europe 1919 to 1939 europe s major borders 1919 to 1939 part of an online history of the 20th century eastern europe google my maps open full screen to view more eastern europe collapse map legend